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Instructor: Aranye Fradenburg
Course: ENGL 197
Time: Spring 2016, 9:30-10:45, MF
This class focuses on the experience of madness (schizophrenia, depression, bipolar illness, and borderline personality disorder); its expression in the form of the memoir; and the role of autobiographical discourse in changing minds. Trauma Warning: the material in these course texts and topics of class discussion could be traumatizing. Do not take this class if you have concerns about your ability to tolerate unhappy and sometimes outrageous subjects.
This small seminar requires regular class participation, one seminar presentation one 2-3 page paper, and one 7-10 page paper. The course will cover memoirs and fictionalized memoirs, including the following texts:
D. P. Schreiber, Memoirs of My Nervous Illness. Daniel Paul Schreber was the son of a famous pediatrician and later became a prominent attorney and judge in 19th-century Germany. The Memoirs of his mental illness became the topic of an important case study by Sigmund Freud.
Sylvia Plath, The Bell Jar. Sylvia Plath is one of the USA’s best 20th-century poets; Ariel is perhaps her best-known book of poems. The Bell Jar is a somewhat fictionalized memoir that tells the story of Esther Greenwood’s first episode of major depressive disorder.
Susanna Kaysen, Girl, Interrupted. Susanna Kaysen was the daughter of one of John F. Kennedy’s economic advisors and is now a novelist. Her memoir of her institutionalization for borderline personality disorder became the film Girl, Interrupted, starring Winona Ryder and Angelina Jolie.
Kay Jamison, An Unquiet Mind. Kay Jamison is a clinical psychologist, Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, and Honorary Professor of English at St. Andrews University. Her book An Unquiet Mind explores the experience of bipolar illness.
Elyn Saks, The Center Cannot Hold. Elyn Saks is Associate Dean and Orrin B. Evans Professor of Law, Psychology, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law. She is also a MacArthur Fellow. The Center Cannot Hold tells the story of the onset of her schizophrenia.
Image credit: unknown illustrator, “The Bell Jar;” Rodolfo Fucile, “El Caso Schreber”
In The New Yorker, Ceridwen Dovey explores the history and practice of bibliotherapy, including her own experience with a program at The New School that used interviews and questionnaires to recommend novels that could prove provocative and therapeutic. Dovey finds that, in order to be effective, bibliotherapists must keep the reader/patient’s individuality in mind, and refrain from the all-too-common practice of “thrusting a book into your hands with a beatific gleam in their eyes, with no allowance for the fact that books mean different things to people—or different things to the same person—at various points in our lives.” Read the article in full here.
Image: Tom Gauld, “Lake Monster” (detail)
Course: English 197, Fall 2014
Until the post-World War II period, the interdependence of human psychology with our environments was, for the most part, unthought. But the advent of nuclear power forced scientists and humanists alike to think more deliberately about this interdependence. The publication of groundbreaking work on ecology and psychology in the 1970’s, during the First Wave of the contemporary environmental movement, led to what is now a rich interdisciplinary body of work on the subject. This course will introduce you to that body of work, drawing on the work of philosophers (“ecosophy”), scientific psychologists, and psychoanalysts (“eco-psychoanalysis”) that now asks us, not just to understand better our “place” in the environment, but also to understand better the “place” of the environment within our selves.
Literature, of course, fictional or otherwise, has always understood the evocative power of these emplacements, from Homer’s fascination with the structure of the city of Troy to the lyrics of Siouxsie and the Banshee’s “Let’s Go to Pluto.” So we will be reading selections from Isenberg’s collection State of the Arts: California Writers Talk About Their Work; Young’s collection The Literature of California: Native American Beginnings to 1945; Cortez, On the Imperial Highway: New and Selected Poems; Davis, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles; and John McPhee, Assembling California.
Critical/analytical inspirations will include selections from Geoffrey Bateman’s Steps To An Ecology of Mind; Dodd’s Psychoanalysis and Ecology at the Edge of Chaos; and Rust, Vital Signs: Psychological Responses to Ecological Crisis.
Image: Gustav Klimt, “Fish Blood”